Wednesday, January 23, 2019
Child Psychology Services (Part 2) Essay
Explain why it is chief(prenominal) to ensure tikeren and recent community be saved from harm in spite of appearance the return key on mount.It is master(prenominal) to ensure small fryren and newfangled volume atomic number 18 protected from harm within the backcloth, as the parents are leaving their kidskinren in your kick with the expectation that they gouge trust you and your colleagues to keep their children from harm. It is difficult for parents to leave their children in an education or finagle setting and then go to throw they need to be confident that their children will be in condom supportive hands with people that will help them develop.Explain policies and procedures that are in place to protect children and infantile people and adults who work with them. any professional working with children or preteen people is responsible for the care and well universe of those children. Making sure that a child is salutary on or aside of a school setting is of prevailing importance. Not tho does it make a child or young individual life safe in a learning milieu but it withal gives the child the security to develop and achieve from an previous(predicate) age. As well as having policies to ensure that only suitable people work in their setting, managers need to promote very benefit comes and shipway of working to protect both the children and adults work with. Everyone in a setting has a responsibility to work hard to promote the welfare of the children in their care. Working in an open and transparent way Open-plan rooms, this ensures that no member of mental faculty is totally exclusively and out of view with a child. Sharing plans and talking roughly different ways of working also helps to make sure that staff work in the most conquer ways. Listening to children and young people Whenever possible avoid agreeing to keep something a secret. Always tell a child if you feel you need to percentage information, especiall y if you feel a safeguarding issue is involved. It is pregnant that you record and field of study any concern you bear about a childs welfare make sure you know who to go in your setting. force-out and positions of trust If you are involved in the care of children or young people, you are working in a position of trust. You ingest empowerment over the children and parents have placed their trust in you to look by and by them this brings responsibilities. People who want to occupy position of trust with children and young people and vulnerable adults have to have enhanced CRB checks. Propriety and deportment Children and young people tend to respect and look up to people in position of trust. You moldiness think care richly about your own behaviour and the example you set to children and young people in your care. Physical progress to Young children need physical contact in they have go over, a cuddle can help them to recover and depict fundament to playing. However, too much physical contact can be slowly misnetherstood. Make sure you are familiar with what is acceptable. Taking a child to the toilet, changing a nappy or helping a child change out of soiled clothes are all regular everyday tasks but never do any of these in a room with the door closed or out of sight of opposite member of staff. Remembering this protects not only the child but yourself as well. P causticographs and video recordings Photographing or videoing activities in any setting are smashing ways to let parents nail what their children have been doing. Photos and videos are not submity(prenominal) to anyone other than parents and carers ceaselessly make sure that parents have given permission for photos to be taken.Evaluate ways in which concerns about poor practice can be reported whilst ensuring that pennywhistleblowers and those whose practice or behaviour isbeing questioned are protected.At some stage whilst working with children you may be faced with the problem of what to do about person whose practice is unacceptable. You moldiness not ignore poor practice, no matter who it is being carried out by. (It can be very difficult to report someone you work with, or even your manager)How to whistle blow think about but what is worrying you and why. approach your supervisor, manager or safeguarding named person. tell someone about your concerns as short as you feel you can. put your concerns in writing, outlining the priming and history, giving names, dates and places where you can. make sure something retrieves.Whistle blowing does take courage. There is the jeopardize of being bullied or irritated as a result, but anyone who whistle blows has the right to protection from the person they have raised concerns about. If you suffer as a result of a whistle blowing incident the UK Public sideline Disclosure Act 1998 offers legal protection.Explain how practitioners can take stairs to protect themselves within their everyday practice in the w ork setting and on off site visits.  A significant element of a practitioners role in protecting themselves would be to read policies and procedures that are put in place to safeguard them and children or young people in their care. In a care setting a professional can protect themselves by suspend being alone in a closed room with a child. Two members of staff must be present if a child needs to be undressed in the event of an accident. If a child is collected posthumous by a parent/carer then two staff members must stay until the child is collected. Always be seen to be working in an open and transparent way where there is either visual nark or an open door, especially in one to one situations. Avoid meetings with children or young people in an isolate or occult area of a care setting.It would be unrealistic to recommend that a member of staff should touch children or young people only in emergencies as very few people would agree with that, especially when young children can become so distressed in accredited situations and a cuddle or close contact is needed by the child. Physical contact, guides and support are necessary in a lay out of settings appropriate to the age of the child and the circumstances at that time. Settings should provide a clear guidance about when and how the physical contact should be utilise in order to protect both staff and children. Effective worry of risk should become automatic as you become to a greater extent survived. For every activity you plan, you should think about the hazards, the likelihood of the hazard occurring and the oblige measures. Risk, the government issue or likely impact of the hazard associated with the activity to be undertaken. Hazard, something that has the electromotive force to cause harm. Likelihood, the probability of any harm from the hazard actually happening. witness measure, any activity or measures put in place to control or minimise identified risks. In the case of educational visits, professionals should always carry out a full risk assessment of that visit, under the Health and Safety at work regulations Act 1999 it requires employers to assess the risks of activities, barge in measures to control these risks and inform employees of these measures. Before a trip can be arranged employers must follow the necessary policies and procedures as follows Age, competence, fitness and the legitimate behaviour of the children and young people. Any special educational or health check needs of the children. Adult to children ratio. The competence and qualifications of the accompanying adults. Modes of transport and location of visit. mite procedures. Permission from parents. Relevant medical or dietary needs of children. nominate the possible signs, symptoms, indicators and behaviours that may cause concern in the context of safeguardingIt is important that you are aware of the indications of child detestation. Not every sign meat a child is being abused. So metimes the first signs that you observe are not physical but a change in behaviour. It is important that you record your concerns and monitor any unexplained changes in a childs behaviour. Sometimes a child may be experiencing more than one type of abuse.Physical abusePhysical abuse is when a child is physically hurt or injured (hitting, kicking, beating with objects, throwing and shiver are all physical abuse, and cause pain, cuts bruising, broken bones and sometimes even death)Signs and symptoms of physical abuse can include Unexplained repeated injuries of burns. Wearing heavy clothes to cover injuries, even in hot weather. Refusal to undress. Bald patches of hair. Repeated travel rapidly away from home. Fear of medical examination. pugnacity towards self and others. Fear of physical contact, shrinking back if approached or touched. umteen signs of physical abuse can be confused with genuine accidental injuries, but they are often not in the places or distributed as you would expect. Sometimes the explanation does not fit the injury, or you may see the outline of a belt buckle or cigarette burn. suspiciousness should be aroused if the parents have not sought medical advice soon after the injury occurred. unrestrained abuseEmotional abuse occurs when children are not given love, approval or acceptance. They may be constantly criticised, blamed, sworn and shouted at, told that other people are better than they are. Emotional abuse alsoinvolves withholding love and affection. It is often linked with goSigns and symptoms of emotional abuse can include Delayed development. Sudden obstetrical delivery problems such(prenominal) as stammering. Low self-esteem. Fear of any new situations. mental case behaviour. Extremes of withdrawal or aggression.NeglectNeglect, which can result in affliction to thrive, is when parents or others looking after children do not provide them with decorous food, warmth, shelter, wearable, care or protectionSigns and symptoms of neglect can include constant hunger. Poor personal hygiene. Constant tiredness. Poor state of clothing. Unusual rarity or lack of normal body weight. Untreated medical problems. No social relationships. Stealing food. Destructive tendencies. cozy abuseSexual abuse is when a child is forced or persuaded into cozy acts or situations by others. Children may be encouraged to look at pornography, be harassed by sexual suggestions or comments, be touched sexually or forced to have sex.Signs and symptoms of sexual abuse can include Sexual knowledge of behaviour that is inappropriate to the childs age. Medical problems such as chronic itching, pain in the genitals, venereal disease. Depression, self-mutilation, suicide attempts, running away, overdoses or anorexia. Personality changes (becoming insecure or clinging). Regressing to younger behaviour patterns (thumb-sucking, cuddly toys). Sudden loss of appetite or compulsive eating. Being isolated or withdrawn. Inability to concentrate. Lack of trust or fear of someone they know well, (wanting to be alone with babysitter, child minder). Starting to wet or soil again, day or night. Becoming worried about clothing being removed. Drawing sexually explicit pictures. Trying to be ultra-good or perfect, overreacting to criticism.Describe the actions to take if a child or young person alleges harm or abuse in line with policies and procedures of own setting. completely settings that have contact with children and young people must have clear policies and procedures to follow in all cases of abuse. Staff must have education in these and organisation for dealing with the situation. Disclosure of abuse by a child can occur at any time and it can be a shock to hear details. The way an allegation is graveld can be very important in the outcome to a child, even many years later. There have been many examples in the past of children not being believed at the time they declared their experience often resulting in serious probl ems later in life. At my glasshouse setting if a child was to disclose any information we would get onto the childs level and ask three questions, we would ask What Happened? Where did it happen? When did it happen?We would take note of exactly what the child state and take this straight to our safeguarding officer on the premises.Explain the rights that children, young people and their carers have in situations where harm or abuse is hazard or alleged.Children and their parents or carers have important rights even in cases of suspected abuse. Most children feel loyal towards those who care for them even when they have been responsible for the abuse, and have impediment saying anything against them. In situation where harm or abuse is suspected or alleged, it is important to remember the following guidelines. Children and young people should receive help so they can express themselves fully, understand what is happening and the decisions that have to be made. A child or young per son has a right not to be subjected to repeated medical examinations or challenge following any allegation of abuse, whether of a physical or sexual nature Family members normally have the right to know what is being said about them and to contribute to important decisions about their lives and those of their children Children should be kept fully informed of processes involving them, should be consulted sensitively and decisions about their future should take work out of their views.