Case Study Questions: 1.) Explain the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. When the kidneys whizz decreased profusion pressure, they subdue to increase this pressure by increasing roue al-Quran through the renin-angiotension-aldosterone system. Once the decreased pressure is sensed renin is mer tintile establishmentd, which increases mixed bag of angiotension to angiotension I. Angiotension I is in make for converted to angiotension II by the angiontension converting enzyme (ACE). Angiotension II causes vasoconstriction, which open fires the broth pressure. Angiotension II also stimulates aldosterone acquittance from the adrenal gland gland. This leads to change magnitude sodium reabsorption by the kidneys, which causes water to notice it, which past increases intravascular volume. The change magnitude vasoconstriction and increased pedigree volume raise the blood pressure. Additionally, the perceived hypovolumic status causes the release of antidiuretic endocrine (ADH) from the female genitalia pituitary. ADH increases water reabsorption in the kidneys, which win contributes to increased volume and increased BP (McCance & adenosine monophosphate; Huether, 2010). 2.) What tests debate glomerular affair? serum creatinine concentration, cystatin C plasma concentration, and roller levels indicate glomerular function (McCance & Huether, 2010). 3.
) Explain nephrotic syndrome and its characterizations. Nephrotic syndrome is a indisposition of the glomerular filtration tissue layer that permits proteins (at least 3.5g) to pass into the peeing resulting in protienuria, hypoalbuminemia, hyperlipidemia, lipiduria, Vit D deficiency, hypothyroidism and systemic edema. Nephrotic syndrome is more common in children than adults (McCance & Huether, 2010, p. 1384). 4.) What are somewhat systemic effects of chronic Kidney infirmity? * Hyperphosphatemia results in hyperparathyroidism that can result in osteitis fibrosa- raise fervour with fibrous degeneration. high gear phosphorus levels reflect the kidneys softness to excrete excessiveness phosphorus. The...If you want to get a respectable essay, order it on our website: Ordercustompaper.com
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